Microalgae Biology and Biotechnology
Microalgae are photosynthetic unicellular microorganisms that have colonized a wide range of freshwater and marine ecosystems. All algae species can potentially accumulate energy-rich molecules such as oils and polysaccharides, besides having the capacity to produce protein-rich biomass, depending on the species and environmental conditions. Microalgae have attracted high interest for their potential to be cultivated as energy feedstock even in non-arable land. Metabolically engineered microalgae have already been used to synthesize high value products. Studies focus on recent findings on biotechnological applications of microalgae in order to overcome limitations to produce high value products and biofuels.